Electrical muscle stimulation, also known as neuromuscular electrical stimulation or electromyostimulation, is the elicitation of muscle contraction using electric impulses.
NMES refers to when the current passes through the electrodes into the body, and the motor nerves are stimulated, causing a muscle contraction. The intensity and frequency of stimulation can vary based on the level of muscular function and response to treatment.
NMES treatment can occur either statically ( with no voluntary movement) or functionally (with voluntary movement). When voluntary movement is the protocol the designation becomes FES (Functional Electrical Stimulation). Research shows that there are benefits for either modality, static or functional, and the protocol is dependent on the treatment design selected by the healthcare professional.
FES is a form of NMES. FES targets muscle fibers related to functional movement. For example, targeting muscles associated with sitting, or walking, or grasping an object. Clients generally undergo FES training under the guidance of a therapist for rehabilitation, however FES therapy is also utilized for the mastery of sport specific athletic movement.
TENS is the use of an electrical current to stimulate the nerves for therapeutic purposes. TENS stimulates the sensory nerves, suppressing the pain signals that are being sent to the brain to give the user relief. In other words, TENS changes the perception of the brain to ignore the pain for a short duration of time by applying a non-painful stimulus to the same area.
The Neuro20 Pro System is a whole-body neuromuscular stimulation system with programs for NMES, FES, and TENS. The system is a multipurpose, single user or multi-patient platform that offers clinicians broad options for patient care.
Electro-stimulation has been used for centuries. More than four millennia ago Ancient Egyptians and Greeks were already using fish that generate electrical discharges for the treatment of various pathologies and pain. Although Neuro20 does not advise the usage of electric eels, certain catfish, or torpedo fish, in any type of treatment plan, the human experience of using and recognizing electrical stimulation as a benefit to human healing, is as old as recorded history. Please Read the following research abstract: